Duration: four days. Departure from Florence. Return to Rome.
Field trip goals: Observation of Mediterranean benchmark soils of the Sicilian soilscape (Luvisols, Andosols, Vertisols); insight of semiarid landscapes; soil use and management in Mediterranean environments; natural and agricultural systems.
Destination: Piazza Armerina (exotic forest), Etna Volcano, Syracuse.
Soil-related topics: Botany, Forestry, Zoology, Agronomy, Geology, Vulcanology, Geochemistry, Archaeology, Geography, Food Science, Viticulture and Oenology, Hydrology, Climatology.
Other multidisciplinary topics: Reforestation of abandoned land; Benefits and drawbacks of the volcanic activity; Large-scale farming; Food-, Wine- and Eco-tourism; Climate change and soil resilience; Climate changes: from problems to opportunities.
Socio-cultural themes: Stop 1 – Piazza Armerina to visit the Roman Villa, where is one of the largest, and varied collection of Roman mosaics in the world (UNESCO World Heritage Site). Stop 2 – visit of Mount Etna, one of the world’s most large active volcanoes (UNESCO World Heritage Site). Stop 3 – Syracuse to visit the Greek Theatre, the Ear of Dionysius, the Latomie, and Ortygia Island (UNESCO World Heritage Site).